A: Turtle Introduction

 

Python turtle can create impressive graphics using coding

Download this python file and run (as in video)

And heres the code:

    • Copy and paste into Python Idle and run it
    • Tinker with the code by changing it and testing to see what you can do
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import turtle
turtle.setup(width=600, height=500)
turtle.reset()
turtle.hideturtle()
turtle.speed(0)

turtle.bgcolor('black')
c = 0
x = 0
colors = [
#reddish colors
(1.00, 0.00, 0.00),(1.00, 0.03, 0.00),(1.00, 0.05, 0.00),(1.00, 0.07, 0.00),(1.00, 0.10, 0.00),(1.00, 0.12, 0.00),(1.00, 0.15, 0.00),(1.00, 0.17, 0.00),(1.00, 0.20, 0.00),(1.00, 0.23, 0.00),(1.00, 0.25, 0.00),(1.00, 0.28, 0.00),(1.00, 0.30, 0.00),(1.00, 0.33, 0.00),(1.00, 0.35, 0.00),(1.00, 0.38, 0.00),(1.00, 0.40, 0.00),(1.00, 0.42, 0.00),(1.00, 0.45, 0.00),(1.00, 0.47, 0.00),
#orangey colors
(1.00, 0.50, 0.00),(1.00, 0.53, 0.00),(1.00, 0.55, 0.00),(1.00, 0.57, 0.00),(1.00, 0.60, 0.00),(1.00, 0.62, 0.00),(1.00, 0.65, 0.00),(1.00, 0.68, 0.00),(1.00, 0.70, 0.00),(1.00, 0.72, 0.00),(1.00, 0.75, 0.00),(1.00, 0.78, 0.00),(1.00, 0.80, 0.00),(1.00, 0.82, 0.00),(1.00, 0.85, 0.00),(1.00, 0.88, 0.00),(1.00, 0.90, 0.00),(1.00, 0.93, 0.00),(1.00, 0.95, 0.00),(1.00, 0.97, 0.00),
#yellowy colors
(1.00, 1.00, 0.00),(0.95, 1.00, 0.00),(0.90, 1.00, 0.00),(0.85, 1.00, 0.00),(0.80, 1.00, 0.00),(0.75, 1.00, 0.00),(0.70, 1.00, 0.00),(0.65, 1.00, 0.00),(0.60, 1.00, 0.00),(0.55, 1.00, 0.00),(0.50, 1.00, 0.00),(0.45, 1.00, 0.00),(0.40, 1.00, 0.00),(0.35, 1.00, 0.00),(0.30, 1.00, 0.00),(0.25, 1.00, 0.00),(0.20, 1.00, 0.00),(0.15, 1.00, 0.00),(0.10, 1.00, 0.00),(0.05, 1.00, 0.00),
#greenish colors
(0.00, 1.00, 0.00),(0.00, 0.95, 0.05),(0.00, 0.90, 0.10),(0.00, 0.85, 0.15),(0.00, 0.80, 0.20),(0.00, 0.75, 0.25),(0.00, 0.70, 0.30),(0.00, 0.65, 0.35),(0.00, 0.60, 0.40),(0.00, 0.55, 0.45),(0.00, 0.50, 0.50),(0.00, 0.45, 0.55),(0.00, 0.40, 0.60),(0.00, 0.35, 0.65),(0.00, 0.30, 0.70),(0.00, 0.25, 0.75),(0.00, 0.20, 0.80),(0.00, 0.15, 0.85),(0.00, 0.10, 0.90),(0.00, 0.05, 0.95),
#blueish colors
(0.00, 0.00, 1.00),(0.05, 0.00, 1.00),(0.10, 0.00, 1.00),(0.15, 0.00, 1.00),(0.20, 0.00, 1.00),(0.25, 0.00, 1.00),(0.30, 0.00, 1.00),(0.35, 0.00, 1.00),(0.40, 0.00, 1.00),(0.45, 0.00, 1.00),(0.50, 0.00, 1.00),(0.55, 0.00, 1.00),(0.60, 0.00, 1.00),(0.65, 0.00, 1.00),(0.70, 0.00, 1.00),(0.75, 0.00, 1.00),(0.80, 0.00, 1.00),(0.85, 0.00, 1.00),(0.90, 0.00, 1.00),(0.95, 0.00, 1.00)
]

while x < 1000:
   idx = int(c)
   color = colors[idx]
   turtle.color(color)
   turtle.forward(x)
   turtle.right(98)
   x = x + 1
   c = c + 0.1

turtle.exitonclick()

Create some squares

Complete the following code to create a square and a rectangle

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import turtle # allows us to use the turtles library
wn = turtle.Screen() # creates a graphics window
alex = turtle.Turtle() # create a turtle named alex
alex.forward(150) # tell alex to move forward by 150 units
alex.left(90) # turn by 90 degrees
alex.forward(75)

Create a Triangle

Complete the code to create a triangle

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import turtle
window = turtle.Screen()
window.bgcolor("green") #background color
tom = turtle.Turtle()
tom.forward(100)
tom.left(120)
tom.forward(100)

Create a circle

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import turtle
turtle.circle(50)

EXTENSION
Do the tutorials at the following linkTurtle Tutorials